I am surprised how my wish materialized! I thank my good friend through this blog, who sent me this text and commentary :). There are a few typos in the sanskrit text though. I will correct them over weekend. May be with my comments on Upadesa Saram. Thanks again Nari :) no words :)
Some of my fav verses are in bold font.
*****************************Upadesa Saraam उपदेश सारम रमणा ***********************
कर्तुराज्ञया प्राप्यते फलं |
कर्म किं परं कर्म तज्जडम ||
It is by the will of God that actions happen and also the fruits thereof. The sense of doership is not superior. It is ineffective. Every action is impersonal.
कृति महोदधौ पतनकाराणम |
फलमशाश्वतं गतिनिरोधकम ||
In the vast ocean of cause and effect, actions happen and impermanent results follow. If one takes them as "my" actions the idea of having free will gets strong. This sense of personal doership gives rise to a feeling of guilt or pride and effectively blocks the spiritual understanding that everything happens according to the will of God.
ईश्वरार्पितं नेच्छया कृतम |
चित्तशोधकम मुक्तिसाधकम ||
When there is total acceptance that all actions happen purely by will of God, and if the fruits and the consequences are accepted as His grace the mind gets purified and attains freedom from expectations.
कायवाङमनः कार्यमुत्तमम |
पूजनं जपस्चिंतनम क्रमात् ||
Accepting and understanding that God has created the world for his sport and God is playing the lila through billions of body mind organisms is better than chanting the sacred names of the Lord which in turn is superios to worshipping the image of the Lord with body, mind and speech.
जगत इशधीयुक्तसेवनम |
When there is an understanding that God himself has become the manifestation; when, by His grace, one feels His presence in the phenomenal existence one obtains the blessings of worshipping the Lord of eight fold forms without neglecting ones duties.
चित्तजं जप ध्यानमुत्तमम ||
Understanding that nothing happens according to "my" will and merely witnessing the billions of body-mind organisms act under God's will is excellent. It is superior to singing the glories of the Lord or reciting His sacred names.
आज्यधारया स्त्रोतसा समम |
सरलचिन्तनम विरलतः परम ||
When there is an understanding that God's will prevails all the time and witnessing happens without any "one" to witness, it is like the stream is true meditation. It is much better than meditating with an assumption that one has free will.
भवनाभिदा पावनी मता ||
The non-dualistic approach of understanding that "I AM" is God is far more superior than the dualistic approach of assuming the difference between God and the "me" and struggling to be one with Him.
भवशून्यसद्भावा सुस्तितिः |
भावनाबालात भाक्तिरुत्तमा ||
By the grace of God or the Master when one is firmly established in the "I AM" devoid of the thinking mind, with an impersonal knowing that there is no "me" to get involved, that is Supreme Devotion.
हृस्थले मनः स्वस्थता क्रिया |
भक्तियोगबोधास्चा निस्चितम ||
The dissolving of the thinking mind in the Heart, purely by the grace of God or the Master, is true devotion, Yoga and understanding.
वायुरोधनाल्लीयते मनः |
Through the act of regulating breath the mind is subdued, just as a bird is restrained when caught in a net. This helps in checking the involvement of the thinking mind at that moment.
शाखयोर्द्वई शक्तिमूलाका ||
Thought and breat have their origin in Consciousness.
लायविनाशने उभायरोदाने |
लायगतम पुनर्भवती नो मृतम ||
When the mind is absorbed, in work or otherwise, and the thinking mind is not active it may be said that the mind is in control temporarily, only to become active again. When through the deep understanding that, "God is the doer and no 'one' has any control over thoughts and actions" the thinking mind is totally annihilated then it can be said that the thinking mind in that body-mind organism is dead and only the working mind remains.
The thinking mind can be temporarily suspended through the control of breath. It can be annihilated only when there is total understanding that God's prevails at all time and the different forms are only puppets having no free will of their own. With this understanding three beautiful things happen: there is no 'one' to feel guilty or proud, to get frustrated or to have a sense of enmity. Life becomes simple.
क्रित्यमस्ति किं स्वस्थितिम ||
The Sage, whose thinking mind has bee destroyed by the total acceptance of the fact that nothing happens unless it is the will of God, and Who rests Who rests in the "I AM" does all the actions with the knowledge that Consciousness alone functions through the billions of body-mind organisms.
दृश्यवारितमं चित्तमात्मनः |
चित्वदर्शनम तत्वदर्शनम ||
With the realization that the "me" that was all the time considering itself a separate entity is only a dreamed character, a manifestation of Consciousness, the mind turns away from objects and gets focused on the "I AM". That is true vision of reality.
मानसं तु किं मार्गणे कृते |
नैव मानसं मार्गे आर्जवात ||
When the enquiry, "What is the thinking mind?" occurs, the thinking mind will understand intuitively that it has no free will and stops thinking itself to be the doer and gives way to the feeling of "I AM". This is the direct path.
व्रत्तयस्त्वहं - वृत्तिमाश्रीताः |
वृत्तयो मनो विद्याहम मनः ||
In the ordinary man when a thought occurs the ego takes delivery of it as "my thought" and gets involved. The thinking mind is nothing but the ego identifying with a thought and getting involved. In the enlightened Sage, when a thought arises, witnessing happens and involvement with the thought does not take place. Ramana Maharshi says, "The Sage has no thinking mind and therefore there are no 'others' for him".
अहमयं कृतो भवति चिन्वतः |
अयि पतात्यहं निजविचारनम ||
When one enquires, "Where ahs the 'me' come from?" it will vanish into consciousness revealing the truth that the "me" has really come from Totality as part of the Diving Hypnosis. Consciousness has created the ego and Consciousness will annihilate the ego by initiating the process of self-enquiry.
अहमि नाशभाज्यहमहंतया |
स्फुरति ह्रास्त्वयम परमपूर्णसत ||
When we accept that God's will prevails all the time and not the individual will, the "me" as the doer gets smaller and smaller till it gets completely merged in Consciousness.
When the sense of personal doership disappears with the total acceptance that "All there is, is Consciousness" the thinking mind ceases to exist during the waking hours as in deep sleep. What remains is the light of pure Consciousness, the indestructible "I AM".
नाहमेकसत्तज्जडम ह्यसत ||
Our true nature is God. It is not the body or the senses, or the mind, or breath, or ignorance. These are inert. They totally depend on Consciousness for existence and action.
सत्वभासिका चित्कवावेतरा |
सत्तयाहिचिच्चिताया ह्याहम ||
Seeking generally begins with the seeker wanting to know God through various means until Totality or the Master makes him understand the error of usurping the pure subjectivity of God and reducing Him into an object. Ramana Maharshi says, "Only Consciousness knows itself because Consciousness is all there is. The ego cannot know God. It can only merge into Consciousness through understanding and surrender.
सत्स्वभावतो वस्तु केवलं ||
The impersonal and identified Consciousness are essentially the same. The Sage has no ego or the thinking mind and is not attached to any form; the man of ignorance feels that the ego and the form are real and is totally asleep to the Self.
वेषहानतः स्वात्मदर्शनम |
ईशदर्शनम स्वात्मरूपतः ||
When the impersonal consciousness liberates the identified consciousness from the sense of doership and thereby brings about realization that the Source is all there is, it can be said that the individual had a vision of the Lord as the Self.
आत्मसंस्थितिः स्वात्मदर्शनम |
When the doership of the ego is totally annihilated the vision of the Self occurs. There is an impersonal knowing that the Self is all and the firm abidance in the Self happens.
ज्ञानमस्ति किं ज्ञातुमंतरम ||
True knowing is the understanding that Consciousness functions through all the living beings. This knowledge is beyond the intellectual "knowledge" or "ignorance". After enlightenment, when there is clear understanding that only Consciousness acts what else is there is to be known?
किं स्वरूपमित्यात्मदर्शने |
When one enquiresm, "What is my true nature?" one begins to realize that one's true nature is beyond birth, death and decay. It is God or Consciouness.
बन्धमुक्त्यातीतम परं सुखं |
विन्दतीह जीवस्तु दैविकः ||
When the "me" understands and accepts that it is God who functions through all the living beings it goes beyond the thoughts of freedom and bondage.
अहमपेतकं निजविभानकम |
महदिदंतपो रमणवागियम ||
When the me disappears in terms of doership and it is realized that "Conscious is all there is", that is excellent tapas, Ramana says this.