Monday, June 16, 2008

Upadesa Saram Text

I am surprised how my wish materialized! I thank my good friend through this blog, who sent me this text and commentary :). There are a few typos in the sanskrit text though. I will correct them over weekend. May be with my comments on Upadesa Saram. Thanks again Nari :) no words :)

Some of my fav verses are in bold font.
*****************************Upadesa Saraam उपदेश सारम रमणा ***********************

कर्तुराज्ञया प्राप्यते फलं |
कर्म किं परं कर्म तज्जडम ||

It is by the will of God that actions happen and also the fruits thereof. The sense of doership is not superior. It is ineffective. Every action is impersonal.

कृति महोदधौ पतनकाराणम |
फलमशाश्वतं गतिनिरोधकम ||

In the vast ocean of cause and effect, actions happen and impermanent results follow. If one takes them as "my" actions the idea of having free will gets strong. This sense of personal doership gives rise to a feeling of guilt or pride and effectively blocks the spiritual understanding that everything happens according to the will of God.

ईश्वरार्पितं नेच्छया कृतम |
चित्तशोधकम मुक्तिसाधकम ||

When there is total acceptance that all actions happen purely by will of God, and if the fruits and the consequences are accepted as His grace the mind gets purified and attains freedom from expectations.

कायवाङमनः कार्यमुत्तमम |
पूजनं जपस्चिंतनम क्रमात् ||

Accepting and understanding that God has created the world for his sport and God is playing the lila through billions of body mind organisms is better than chanting the sacred names of the Lord which in turn is superios to worshipping the image of the Lord with body, mind and speech.

जगत इशधीयुक्तसेवनम |
अष्टमूर्तिभ्रिददेवापूजनं ||

When there is an understanding that God himself has become the manifestation; when, by His grace, one feels His presence in the phenomenal existence one obtains the blessings of worshipping the Lord of eight fold forms without neglecting ones duties.

उत्तमस्तवादुच्चमंदतः |
चित्तजं जप ध्यानमुत्तमम ||

Understanding that nothing happens according to "my" will and merely witnessing the billions of body-mind organisms act under God's will is excellent. It is superior to singing the glories of the Lord or reciting His sacred names.

आज्यधारया स्त्रोतसा समम |
सरलचिन्तनम विरलतः परम ||

When there is an understanding that God's will prevails all the time and witnessing happens without any "one" to witness, it is like the stream is true meditation. It is much better than meditating with an assumption that one has free will.

भेदभावनात्सोहमित्य्सौ |
भवनाभिदा पावनी मता ||

The non-dualistic approach of understanding that "I AM" is God is far more superior than the dualistic approach of assuming the difference between God and the "me" and struggling to be one with Him.

भवशून्यसद्भावा सुस्तितिः |
भावनाबालात भाक्तिरुत्तमा ||

By the grace of God or the Master when one is firmly established in the "I AM" devoid of the thinking mind, with an impersonal knowing that there is no "me" to get involved, that is Supreme Devotion.

हृस्थले मनः स्वस्थता क्रिया |
भक्तियोगबोधास्चा निस्चितम ||

The dissolving of the thinking mind in the Heart, purely by the grace of God or the Master, is true devotion, Yoga and understanding.

वायुरोधनाल्लीयते मनः |
जलापक्षिवाद्रोधसाधनम ||

Through the act of regulating breath the mind is subdued, just as a bird is restrained when caught in a net. This helps in checking the involvement of the thinking mind at that moment.

चित्तावायवाश्चित्क्रियायुताहः |
शाखयोर्द्वई शक्तिमूलाका ||

Thought and breat have their origin in Consciousness.

लायविनाशने उभायरोदाने |
लायगतम पुनर्भवती नो मृतम ||

When the mind is absorbed, in work or otherwise, and the thinking mind is not active it may be said that the mind is in control temporarily, only to become active again. When through the deep understanding that, "God is the doer and no 'one' has any control over thoughts and actions" the thinking mind is totally annihilated then it can be said that the thinking mind in that body-mind organism is dead and only the working mind remains.

प्रानबन्धनाल्लीनमानासम |
एकचिंतनान्नशमेत्यदहः ||

The thinking mind can be temporarily suspended through the control of breath. It can be annihilated only when there is total understanding that God's prevails at all time and the different forms are only puppets having no free will of their own. With this understanding three beautiful things happen: there is no 'one' to feel guilty or proud, to get frustrated or to have a sense of enmity. Life becomes simple.

नष्टमानसोत्क्रुष्टयोगिनः |
क्रित्यमस्ति किं स्वस्थितिम ||

The Sage, whose thinking mind has bee destroyed by the total acceptance of the fact that nothing happens unless it is the will of God, and Who rests Who rests in the "I AM" does all the actions with the knowledge that Consciousness alone functions through the billions of body-mind organisms.

दृश्यवारितमं चित्तमात्मनः |
चित्वदर्शनम तत्वदर्शनम ||

With the realization that the "me" that was all the time considering itself a separate entity is only a dreamed character, a manifestation of Consciousness, the mind turns away from objects and gets focused on the "I AM". That is true vision of reality.

मानसं तु किं मार्गणे कृते |
नैव मानसं मार्गे आर्जवात ||

When the enquiry, "What is the thinking mind?" occurs, the thinking mind will understand intuitively that it has no free will and stops thinking itself to be the doer and gives way to the feeling of "I AM". This is the direct path.

व्रत्तयस्त्वहं - वृत्तिमाश्रीताः |
वृत्तयो मनो विद्याहम मनः ||

In the ordinary man when a thought occurs the ego takes delivery of it as "my thought" and gets involved. The thinking mind is nothing but the ego identifying with a thought and getting involved. In the enlightened Sage, when a thought arises, witnessing happens and involvement with the thought does not take place. Ramana Maharshi says, "The Sage has no thinking mind and therefore there are no 'others' for him".

अहमयं कृतो भवति चिन्वतः |
अयि पतात्यहं निजविचारनम ||

When one enquires, "Where ahs the 'me' come from?" it will vanish into consciousness revealing the truth that the "me" has really come from Totality as part of the Diving Hypnosis. Consciousness has created the ego and Consciousness will annihilate the ego by initiating the process of self-enquiry.

अहमि नाशभाज्यहमहंतया |
स्फुरति ह्रास्त्वयम परमपूर्णसत ||

When we accept that God's will prevails all the time and not the individual will, the "me" as the doer gets smaller and smaller till it gets completely merged in Consciousness.

इदमहंपदाभिख्यमन्वहम |
अहमिलीनकेप्यलयसत्तया ||

When the sense of personal doership disappears with the total acceptance that "All there is, is Consciousness" the thinking mind ceases to exist during the waking hours as in deep sleep. What remains is the light of pure Consciousness, the indestructible "I AM".

विग्रहेन्द्रियप्राणधीतामः |
नाहमेकसत्तज्जडम ह्यसत ||

Our true nature is God. It is not the body or the senses, or the mind, or breath, or ignorance. These are inert. They totally depend on Consciousness for existence and action.

सत्वभासिका चित्कवावेतरा |
सत्तयाहिचिच्चिताया ह्याहम ||

Seeking generally begins with the seeker wanting to know God through various means until Totality or the Master makes him understand the error of usurping the pure subjectivity of God and reducing Him into an object. Ramana Maharshi says, "Only Consciousness knows itself because Consciousness is all there is. The ego cannot know God. It can only merge into Consciousness through understanding and surrender.

ईशाजीवयोर्वेशाधीभिदा |
सत्स्वभावतो वस्तु केवलं ||

The impersonal and identified Consciousness are essentially the same. The Sage has no ego or the thinking mind and is not attached to any form; the man of ignorance feels that the ego and the form are real and is totally asleep to the Self.

वेषहानतः स्वात्मदर्शनम |
ईशदर्शनम स्वात्मरूपतः ||

When the impersonal consciousness liberates the identified consciousness from the sense of doership and thereby brings about realization that the Source is all there is, it can be said that the individual had a vision of the Lord as the Self.

आत्मसंस्थितिः स्वात्मदर्शनम |
आत्मनिर्द्वयादात्मनिष्ठता ||

When the doership of the ego is totally annihilated the vision of the Self occurs. There is an impersonal knowing that the Self is all and the firm abidance in the Self happens.

ज्ञानवर्जिताज्ञानहीनचित |
ज्ञानमस्ति किं ज्ञातुमंतरम ||

True knowing is the understanding that Consciousness functions through all the living beings. This knowledge is beyond the intellectual "knowledge" or "ignorance". After enlightenment, when there is clear understanding that only Consciousness acts what else is there is to be known?

किं स्वरूपमित्यात्मदर्शने |
अव्ययाभावापूर्नाचित्सुखम ||

When one enquiresm, "What is my true nature?" one begins to realize that one's true nature is beyond birth, death and decay. It is God or Consciouness.

बन्धमुक्त्यातीतम परं सुखं |
विन्दतीह जीवस्तु दैविकः ||

When the "me" understands and accepts that it is God who functions through all the living beings it goes beyond the thoughts of freedom and bondage.

अहमपेतकं निजविभानकम |
महदिदंतपो रमणवागियम ||
When the me disappears in terms of doership and it is realized that "Conscious is all there is", that is excellent tapas, Ramana says this.


Anonymous said...

The commentary on Upadesa sara is not reflecting what Bhagawan wanted to convey.

I said...

hello, I have very little idea abt what bhagwan wanted to convey :).

The commentary is taken from the book published by Ramana Ashram.

I admit there might be some typos in the devanagiri text.


Rajath V said...

I feel the mistakes in devanagari are one too many. Please find below a better version double checked by me.
Hope you can find the time to update this blog and benefit people.

1 कर्तुराज्ञया प्राप्यते फलम्। कर्म किं परं कर्म तज्जडम्।
2 कृतिमहोदधौ पतनकाराणम्। फलमशाश्वतं गतिनिरोधकम्।
3 ईश्वरार्पितं नेच्छया कृतम्। चित्तशोधकं मुक्तिसाधकम्।
4 कायवाङ्मनःकार्यमुत्तमम्। पूजनं जपश्चिन्तनं क्रमात्।
5 जगत इशधीयुक्तसेवनम्। अष्टमूर्तिभृद्देवपूजनम्।
6 उत्तमस्तवादुच्चमन्दतः। चित्तजं जपध्यानमुत्तमम्।
7 आज्यधारया स्त्रोतसा समम्। सरलचिन्तनं विरलतः परम्।
8 भेदभावनात् सोऽहमित्यसौ। भवनाभिदा पावनीमता।
9 भवशून्यसद्भावसुस्थितिः। भावनाबालाद्भक्तिरुत्तमा।
10 हृत्स्थले मनःस्वस्थता क्रिया। भक्तियोगबोधाश्च निश्चितम्।
11 वायुरोधनाल्लीयते मनः। जालपक्षिवद्रोधसाधनम्।
12 चित्तवायवश्चित्क्रियायुताः। शाखयोर्द्वयी शक्तिमूलका।
13 लयविनाशने उभयरोधने। लयगतं पुनर्भवति नो मृतम्।
14 प्राणबन्धनाल्लीनमानसम्। एकचिन्तनान्नाशमेत्यदः।
15 नष्टमानसोत्कृष्टयोगिनः। कृत्यमस्ति किं स्वस्थितिं यतः।
16 दृश्यवारितं चित्तमात्मनः। चित्वदर्शनं तत्वदर्शनम्।
17 मानसं तु किं मार्गणे कृते। नैव मानसं मार्ग आर्जवात्।
18 वृत्तयस्त्वहं वृत्तिमाश्रिताः। वृत्तयो मनो विद्ध्यहं मनः।
19 अहमयं कृतो भवति चिन्वतः। अयि पतत्यहं निजविचारणम्।
20 अहमिनाशभाज्यहमहन्तया। स्फुरति हृत्स्वयं परमपूर्णसत्।
21 इदमहम्पदाऽभिख्यमन्वहम्। अहमि लीनकेऽप्यलयसत्तया।
22 विग्रहेन्द्रियप्राणधीतमः। नाहमेकसत्तज्जडं ह्यसत्।
23 सत्त्वभासिका चित्क्ववेतरा। सत्तया हि चिच्चितया ह्यहम्।
24 ईशजीवयोर्वेषधीभिदा। सत्स्वभावतो वस्तु केवलम्।
25 वेषहानतः स्वात्मदर्शनम्। ईशदर्शनं स्वात्मरूपतः।
26 आत्मसंस्थितिः स्वात्मदर्शनम्। आत्मनिर्द्वयादात्मनिष्ठता।
27 ज्ञानवर्जिताऽज्ञानहीनचित्। ज्ञानमस्ति किं ज्ञातुमन्तरम्।
28 किं स्वरूपमित्यात्मदर्शने। अव्ययाऽभवाऽऽपूर्णचित्सुखम्।
29 बन्धमुक्त्यतीतं परं सुखम्। विन्दतीह जीवस्तु दैविकः।
30 अहमपेतकं निजविभानकम्। महदिदं तपो रमणवागियम्।